Photo courtesy of Maine Magazine

Evolution of Negritude,

Teller of Truth

Shay Stewart-Bouley  

As a Black person with an ever-graying beard, you have to pass on knowledge.

Samuel James 

Sometimes you meet someone who seems both a contradiction and a perfect encapsulation of their life experiences. Samuel James is one of those rare people.

A talented bluesman, a passionate writer and an accomplished speaker, you might expect—if for no other reason than the first skill—that he would be sipping whiskey or sweet tea on the porch of a house in the Mississippi Delta.

But his home is not in the South. 

Samuel James is both a son of Maine and a son of Black America.

Samuel James performing outdoors in Maine. Photo courtesy of the artist.

Based on his musical legacy alone and the opinions of those in the blues community, Sam would be considered both a living legend and a hidden gem—an extraordinary bluesman gifted in multiple instruments. Not that you would know it from casual contact, because he’s the epitome of humility.

Getting him to talk about himself is almost impossible because he simply gives so much, and all the while he appears unaware of how much he has given to Black Mainers and to Maine at large. 

It’s just simply who he is: a man always ready to support the Black Maine community, whether it is sneaking into a crowded room to watch one of his mentees in their first blues show or mentoring younger Black artists in Maine—in particular at Indigo Arts Alliance—to ensure that they don’t spend the early parts of their career being taken advantage of by unscrupulous promoters.

Viva and Samuel James during their Indigo Arts Alliance residency in 2021.

More than that, he is a guardian of Black American tradition in its purest form: storytelling.

Blues itself is a storytelling medium but he also has written articles and commentaries on racial, political and other social matters. He has spoken publicly several times as part of The Moth Radio Hour and TEDx. His latest medium is also his own creation, the podcast “99 Years,” a Black exploration of the deliberate creation of one of the whitest states in America—Maine. As a citizen historian, Sam has unearthed Maine’s own homegrown racism and connected it to the eternal question of “Why is Maine so white?” it is a thing the professional historians either haven’t considered much or don’t want to.

Samuel James combines his talent for storytelling with his renowned musical skills in September 2016.

He possesses a quiet reserve common to people born and raised in Maine. Sam takes it all in, but also gives it all back to us. In music. Words. Stories. Historical facts.

He is himself an American story.

A son of Maine, he endured a tumultuous upbringing that at times involved foster care—an extension of the systems that have often preyed on Black bodies in this country. Yet Sam is not only a survivor but someone who has kept his heart filled with love, for people in general but most especially his fellow Black people. He has kept his soul connected to the experience of Blackness in America in the whitest of places. 

An embodiment of traditional American Blackness, he is every elder on the porch. He is the brotha at the barber shop on Saturday morning, waiting for a fresh lineup. He is your grandpa, shit-talking after the game, while spitting knowledge for those who dare to pick up what he is putting down. 

Sam is Negritude, shaped by stories passed down to him by his father. Shaped by the discomfort of Blackness formed under the watchful eyes of whiteness, in a state that is still struggling to accept the complexity of its own relationship to race. 

Sam is also a living reminder of the rich, complex relationship that Black Mainers have with this state and a reminder of the resiliency that is baked into both the Black American and Black Mainer experience. Always seen as an outsider in your home, but still overcoming and adding to the rich tapestry of the larger community. 

At the same time, he is a product of his father’s Southern roots and a reminder of the breadth of the Great Migration. It’s evident when watching Sam perform—he transforms from a tall lanky Black man in sweats to the consummate Black blues performer, with an impeccable hat cocked to the side and boots that bring to mind the greats such as Robert Johnson. 

Sam and his father. Photo courtesy of the artist.

Sam’s journey to elder Black statesman started humbly on the streets of Portland, often in Monument Square. When he wasn’t working at the now-defunct but still-beloved video shop Videoport for his day job, he could be found busking on the streets. A young man playing his guitar, his case open with CDs for sale. 

That was actually my first memory of meeting Sam. Twenty years ago, my then-teenage son, who would later grow up to become a critically acclaimed artist in his own right, spotted Sam before I did, as we were walking down the street. At that time, Portland was overwhelmingly white, and seeing Black people was not a common occurrence. So much so that it was Sam’s blackness we noticed before we actually realized how good he actually was at playing the guitar. I bought a CD, which I still have to this day. 

Samuel James performing live at a local show. Photo courtesy of the artist.

Over the years, our paths would cross many times, including at the beginning of his writing career, which eventually led to him writing for me for many years—for BGIM Media LLC. As he recently told me, writing for a Black-owned publication allowed him to solidify and deepen his voice as a Black man without fear of the white gaze. The years he spent writing for me would create the foundation for him to create his own larger projects, which now include the podcast and his own Substack publication, “Banned Histories of Race in America.” 

As a Black writer and creator, watching someone go off to spread their own wings is one of my greatest joys. But he doesn’t fly away; he remains grounded in understanding that to be Black is to give back. He does that every day, not just for Black Mainers and other Mainers but for Americans. 

He is a product of the stories of people—especially of the African diaspora—that too often are not truly heard until one has died. But he is being heard now, and the body of work that Samuel James has created will most certainly be studied years after his physical container has given up his soul. 


Samuel James is a musician, journalist and storyteller. His work with The Moth includes Mainstage storyteller, interviewer, Radio Hour host, and contributor to the books The Moth Presents: All These Wonders and the NYT Bestselling How to Tell a Story: The Essential Guide to Memorable Storytelling from The Moth. As a musician, James has toured internationally for more than fifteen years, performing in the Black American Folk Tradition. He has released seven albums, scored film soundtracks and museum exhibits. James’ monthly column Racisms can be currently found in The Bollard and his weekly newsletter Banned Histories of Race in America can be found on Substack. He’s also the creator and host of the history podcast 99 Years.


Shay Stewart-Bouley or as her blog is entitled, Black Girl in Maine has been a place for articles and stories on societal, cultural, educational, and even inspirational topics since 2008. From humble beginnings as a venue for a transplanted “Chicago girl” and Black woman to document and share her tales of life in one of the whitest states to a growing media site featuring anti-racism education and additional voices with their own perspectives on race, current events, and more. Explore, absorb, and learn how to make a difference in the world.

Text © 2022 Shay Stewart-Bouley. All Rights Reserved.